Burgenland (Hungarian: Őrvidék; Croatian: Gradišće; Slovene: Gradiščanska) is the third-smallest among the nine Austrian states, or Bundesländer, at 3.962 km² and has a population of about 295.500. Its capital Eisenstadt with a population of 14.895 is well-known for the former princely residence Schloß Esterházy.
Burgenland borders the Austrian state of Styria to the southwest, and the state of Lower Austria to the northwest. To the east, it borders Hungary (Vas County and Győr-Moson-Sopron County). In the extreme north and south, there are short borders with Slovakia (Bratislava Region) and Slovenia (Mura Statistical Region), respectively.
Burgenland and Hungary share Neusiedler See, a lake known for its reeds and shallowness, as well as its mild climate throughout the year. Neusiedler See is Austria’s largest lake, and is a great tourist attraction, bringing ornithologists, sailors and wind and kite surfers into the region north of the lake.
The cultural offerings are diverse and especially during the summer time famous for the Seefestspiele Mörbisch and the Nova Rock Festival with numerous international rock bands.